Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2018
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies|
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
These unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) regarding interim financial reporting. Certain disclosures have been condensed or omitted from these financial statements. Accordingly, these financial statements do not include all of the information and notes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“US GAAP”) for complete consolidated financial statements, and should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2017, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K as filed with the SEC on March 14, 2018.
All intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. In the opinion of the Company’s management, the accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to fairly present the financial position as of, and the results of operations for, all periods presented. In preparing the accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements, management has made certain estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts in the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements and disclosures of contingencies. Actual results may differ from those estimates. The results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of annual results.
As a result of the adoption of Accounting Standards Update 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)” (“ASU 2014-09”), certain balances included in the unaudited interim condensed consolidated statements of operations for prior periods have been reclassified to conform to the 2018 presentation. These reclassifications had no impact on net income, cash flows or stockholders’ equity for any period presented.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements Adopted During the Period
In March 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update 2018-05, “Income Taxes (Topic 740), Amendments to SEC Paragraphs Pursuant to SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118” (“ASU 2018-05”). ASU 2018-05 amends certain SEC paragraphs pursuant to the issuance of the December 2017 SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118, Income Tax Accounting Implications of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“SAB 118”), which provides guidance on accounting for the tax effects of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“the Tax Act”). SAB 118 provides a measurement period that should not extend beyond one year from the Tax Act’s enactment date for companies to complete its accounting under FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 740. In accordance with SAB 118, to the extent a company has not completed its analysis of the Tax Act but can provide a reasonable estimate, it must record a provisional estimate in its financial statements. The Company has accounted for certain tax effects of the Tax Act under the guidance of SAB 118, on a provisional basis. The Company’s accounting for certain income tax effects is incomplete due to forthcoming guidance and the ongoing analysis of final year-end data and tax positions. The Company expects to complete its analysis within the measurement period in accordance with SAB 118.
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09. ASU 2014-09 provides guidance concerning the recognition and measurement of revenue from contracts with customers. The objective of ASU 2014-09 is to increase the usefulness of information in the financial statements regarding the nature, timing and uncertainty of revenues. The Company adopted ASU 2014-09 using the modified retrospective approach. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements. See Note 3 below for further details.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements Issued But Not Yet Adopted
In June 2018, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2018-07, “Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718) - Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting” (“ASU 2018-07”). ASU 2018-07 expands the scope of Topic 718 to include share-based payments issued to non-employees for goods and services. Consequently, the accounting for share-based payments to non-employees and employees will be substantially aligned. The new standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within that fiscal year. The Company does not believe the adoption of ASU 2018-07 will have a material impact on its financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
In July 2017, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2017-11, “Earnings Per Share (Topic 260), Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (Topic 480), and Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815)” (“ASU 2017-11”). ASU 2017-11 changes the classification analysis of certain equity-linked financial instruments (or embedded features) with down round features. The amendments require entities that present earnings per share (“EPS”) in accordance with Topic 260 to recognize the effect of the down round feature when triggered with the effect treated as a dividend and as a reduction of income available to common shareholders in basic EPS. The new standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company does not believe the adoption of ASU 2017-11 will have a material impact on its financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
In February 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842)” (“ASU 2016-02”). ASU 2016-02 establishes a right-of-use (“ROU”) model that requires a lessee to record a ROU asset and a lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with terms longer than 12 months. All leases create an asset and a liability for the lessee and therefore recognition of those lease assets and lease liabilities is required by ASU 2016-02. When measuring lease assets and liabilities, payments to be made in optional extension periods should be included if the lessee is reasonably certain to exercise the option. Leases will be classified as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the income statement.
For finance leases, the Company will recognize a ROU asset and liability, initially measured at the present value of the lease payments. Interest expense will be recognized on the lease liability separately from the amortization of the ROU asset. The Company will recognize payments of principal on the lease liability within financing activities in the consolidated statement of cash flows and payments of interest within operating activities in the consolidated statement of cash flows. For operating leases, the Company will recognize a ROU asset and liability, initially measured at the present value of the lease payments. The Company will recognize a single lease cost, calculated so that the cost of the lease is allocated over the lease term on a generally straight-line basis and all cash payments will be recognized in operating activities within the consolidated statement of cash flows.
In January 2018, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2018-01, “Leases (Topic 842)-Land Easement Practical Expedient for Transition to Topic 842” (“ASU 2018-01”). ASU 2018-01 permits an entity to elect an optional transition practical expedient to not evaluate land easements that exist or expired prior to a company’s adoption of ASU 2016-02 and that were not accounted for as leases under previous lease guidance. Additionally, in July 2018, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2018-11,"Leases (Topic 842):Targeted Improvements, which included the option to implement the standard at the adoption date and recognize a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings, as opposed to the modified retrospective transition method required when ASU 2016-02 was issued. The new standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years.
The Company has analyzed and categorized the majority of its contracts to determine if they meet the definition of a lease under ASU 2016-02. The Company’s ongoing efforts are concentrated on analyzing the remaining contracts, testing and implementing its tracking software for leases and determining the most appropriate transition method and resulting accounting impact to the Company. As a result, the Company has not quantified the impact of ASU 2016-02 and cannot reasonably quantify the impact of adoption at this time. The Company expects to complete the assessment of ASU 2016-02 during the fourth quarter of 2018.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef